Executive Order (EO) 14110: Safe, Secure, and Trustworthy Development and Use of Artificial Intelligence, was issued by President Biden on Oct. 30, 2023. The U.S. aims to lead in managing AI’s risks, unlocking its potential, and promoting responsible AI with international allies and partners. EO 14110 emphasizes the potential of AI for good and the need to mitigate its risks through a society-wide effort involving government, private sector, academia, and civil society. It outlines eight guiding principles for the development and use of AI, including safety, security, innovation, competition, workforce support, equity, consumer protection, and privacy.

The Order directs the Secretary of Commerce, acting through the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to establish guidelines and best practices for AI safety and security, including red-teaming tests and evaluation tools for AI systems. It also requires companies developing dual-use AI foundation models to provide the Federal government with information about training, developing, or producing dual-use foundation models, including the physical and cybersecurity protections taken, as well as the results of any dual-use foundation model’s performance in relevant AI red-team testing.

EO 14110 also requires the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to convene and chair an interagency council to coordinate the development and use of AI in agencies’ programs and operations. Each federal agency is required to designate a Chief Artificial Intelligence Officer (CAIO) to hold primary responsibility for AI programs within their agency.